TABLE 1

General characteristics of the participants of the included cohortsa

Cohort and characteristicYoung adults (ages 20–45 yr)Middle-aged adults (ages 46–69 yr)b
WomenMenWomenMen
AGP, U.S.
    No. of subjects627644734583
    Age (yr)34.60 (6.79)33.76 (6.61)56.13 (6.37)57.13 (6.41)
    SV richness113.80 (33.04)110.95 (31.51)120.40 (0.89)119.0 (0.78)
    Shannon index4.87 (0.83)4.83 (0.80)4.98 (0.89)5.01 (0.78)
AGP, U.S. antibiotic consumers
    No. of subjects1368314791
    Age (yr)33.0 (7.75)58.07 (6.56)34.71 (6.87)58.35 (6.52)
    SV richness100.38 (27.61)97.80 (31.85)107.07 (30.06)108.71 (30.11)
    Shannon index4.64 (0.74)4.70 (0.83)4.72 (0.80)4.83 (0.85)
AGP, U.K.
    No. of subjects195173344224
    Age (yr)35.90 (6.02)36.40 (6.32)56.45 (6.68)57.75 (6.85)
    SV richness132.0 (31.69)122.60 (32.38)142.30 (36.27)139.10 (36.23)
    Shannon index5.27 (0.69)5.05 (0.92)5.36 (0.83)5.29 (0.80)
Chinese
    No. of subjects9466701,8261,521
    Age (yr)35.16 (6.73)34.88 (7.07)56.6 (6.59)57.36 (6.75)
    SV richness101.80 (27.90)99.66 (26.48)99.41 (28.67)101.4 (28.50)
    Shannon index4.47 (0.85)4.40 (0.84)4.36 (0.93)4.35 (0.95)
Colombian
    No. of subjects1431338378
    Age (yr)33.83 (7.21)34.21 (6.98)52.48 (4.14)52.90 (4.42)
    SV richness120.41 (30.21)110.71 (31.06)123.33 (32.75)116.13 (33.95)
    Shannon index4.60 (1.05)4.48 (1.12)4.73 (0.99)4.45 (1.13)
Cardiometabolic risk scale−1.14 (3.07)0.64 (3.67)−0.36 (3.06)1.39 (2.71)
  • a Values are given as the mean (SD).

  • b The ages of the Colombian individuals ranged from 20 to 62 years.