TABLE 2

List of potential pathogens identified in the humpback whale blow according to genus-level identity, as well as descriptions of recognized pathogens and putative marine mammal pathogens

GenusMED(s) in whale blowaPutative marine mammal
pathogen (reference[s])
No. of recognized
pathogens in genus
Acinetobacter 9761, 8888, 5164, 8857, 5165, 1070, 9765, 1067 Acinetobacter lwoffii (21)NAb
Actinobacillus 6581NA9
Arcobacter 8192, 3986, 8223, 8193, 8194, 3989, 8222NA2
Arthrobacter 100 Arthrobacter cumminsii (16)NA
Bacillus 6010NA4
Bacteroides 6758NA14
Balneatrix 4335NA1
Campylobacter 3645, 3641, 3642, 3651, 80NA11
Capnocytophaga 6603NA6
Chryseobacterium 7829NA4
Corynebacterium 6786, 6788, 6836, 8673, 8671, 6797, 8652,
8654, 3514
Corynebacterium spp. (21)33
Escherichia-Shigella 5544 Escherichia coli (21)0
Fusobacterium 35 Fusobacterium varium (21)13
Haemophilus 9046, 9047, 9045, 5437NA18
Helcococcus 4258, 8395, 8398, 8377, 261, 5988, 8396,
1947, 1949, 257, 8397,8378, 5986, 260
NA2
Helicobacter 3988NA12
Lactobacillus 4629, 4625, 4645, 322NA3
Lactococcus 2216NA1
Listeria 5860NA2
Moraxella 7227, 8609NA9
Mycoplasma 7640, 3008, 7642 Mycoplasma sp. (16)63
Neisseria 9019, 9020NA11
Peptostreptococcus 8129, 8130NA10
Porphyromonas 9273, 9078, 9274, 5800, 9077, 9112, 5796, 9114,
5799, 5795, 5797, 9109, 9080, 5486
NA12
Pseudoalteromonas 5116, 5119NA1
Pseudomonas 9740, 5159, 9739, 5873 Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7)9
Psychrobacter 8626, 2428, 2426, 7254, 2065, 8585, 4878,
8627, 8584, 2062, 2441,4879, 7255,
8610, 9480, 9482, 8582, 7157, 4874
NA1
Sphingomonas 231NA2
Staphylococcus 6011, 6041, 6038 Staphylococcus aureus (7, 16),
Staphylococcus cohnii (16),
Staphylococcus epidermidis (16, 21),
Staphylococcus warneri (16),
Staphylococcus sp. (16),
Staphylococcus delphini (23)
13
Streptococcus 7098, 3720, 7097, 2227, 2217, 2228Alpha-hemolytic Streptococcus (16),
Streptococcus zooepidemicus (7),
Streptococcus group D (21)
27
Veillonella 1666, 1668NA1
Vibrio 2695 Vibrio anguillarum (16),
Vibrio alginolyticus (16),
Vibrio wodanis (16),
Vibrio sp. (21)
15
  • a MED nodes (17) present in the core microbiome are in bold.

  • b NA, not applicable.